The cockatiel is a homegrown cockatoo with yellow, white, and gray colors that belong to the cockatoo family. They are distinguished by orange hairs on the cheeks in the ear area. These are usually female when pale, and male when dark. However, there are different methods for determining gender definitively. Generally, the eyes of males are covered with yellow hairs and females with white and gray hairs. The male cones are very popular because they are made to talk. They do not like to be closed in the cage, but they like to be in the crowd.
Sex discrimination in the cockatiel
There are two different ways to discriminate between the Sultans. Although there is no solution in every mutation, sex distinction can be made by looking at the feathers of the parrots. However, the sultan’s age should also be taken into account while doing this. Since the colors of the feathers do not fit completely in those who do not age, wrong gender prediction can be made. According to the other way, the crowing is followed by the age of the sultan. While the female ones are short and single singing as cork, males can make sounds similar to canary singing, whistle, and have speech features. So whichever color it is, whistling and singing long are men.
Age estimation in the cockatiel
It is very difficult to predict the age of the Sultans. Although the methods do not show their age precisely, they can provide information about the period of time.
- Eyes between 0-1 years old are round, beak is smooth and toes are thin.
- Those between the ages of 1-8 are bigger than the puppies, their feet are thicker and lumpy. Layers have formed in its beak. Sultans in this age are quite flashy. The roundness in his eyes disappeared, and the hairs around him decreased.
- Mature sultans between the ages of 8-16 move more slowly and become stagnant. The roughening of the feet and beak has increased and thickened.
- Old sultans over the age of 16 experience health problems. They sleep at least 18 hours a day and prefer soft foods.
The behavior of the cockatiel
Sultans show more unity of behavior than other birds. Most of them tell the same things with the same behaviors they do. This is because they live in flocks and love sociality. They learn a lot of things by looking at each other, they can communicate comfortably. Therefore, especially men learn to speak, can use the ability to imitate.
- Beak squeaking: Sultans make a sound by moving their lower beak to the right and left side. Only sultan parrots can do this movement. This means that everything is fine. Happy ones usually take it out before sleep. The sultan who makes this sound should not be disturbed.
- Repeating your own name: Men of the Sultans can learn some words. Sometimes they constantly repeat their names, which are included in them. This means that he wants attention, to be loved, to talk to him, to want to go out if he is released from his cage.
- Removing the feeders: If the sultans are trying to remove their feeders, they want to see you with them. He may need you or he is bored.
- Flapping wings inside the cage: Sultans are flying birds. Those who live in natural areas can fly for a long time. Since those in cages cannot find this opportunity, their wings become numb and there is an accumulation of blood. As this causes pain in the wings, it will whisk inside the cage. If you have the opportunity, you should take out the cockatiel and fly it.
- Screaming: If they are not satisfied with their location, they will scream straight and loud. You must solve the reason for this.
- Hissing by opening its wings: It is a movement made by the sultans with the motivation to protect themselves. When he does, you can understand that he is afraid and wants to be protected.
- Beaking: This is a behavior that indicates the desire of the sultans to mate. He strikes his beak into the wires of the cage or the nest.
- High and low crowing: This is the rate that male sultans made to females before mating. As the female is enchanted by the voice, she accepts the male’s willingness to mate.
- Biting feet in double birds: This is a behavior made by female sultans. Stretching forward, he slightly warms the feet of the man and goes into the mating position. In this behavior, it specifies the willingness to mate. Females living alone pass the bite of the foot, lie forward, wait for mating by dropping their wings to the side.
- Reaching upward and opening the beak: This is a natural behavior to ensure that the crop is emptied. Normally it is not done too much. However, if your sultan does this frequently, check the bird’s sand, if there is enough, check the quality.
- Itching: It is a natural behavior that is performed regularly before sleep. When he does this, the watering parrot should not be disturbed.
- Gathering feet: Sultans feel cold when the ambient temperature is below 25 degrees. Especially since there are no hairs on his feet, his feet are cold first. Since the foot vessels are effective in blood circulation, they try to warm them by putting them under their feet. They can be considered normal when they don’t do this frequently. However, the temperature of the environment should be adjusted.
Nutrition of the cockatiel
Sultans feed on seeds, greens, and plant roots in natural environments. For this reason, the sultans who are looked after in the cage should be offered a diet suitable for their natural life. It should contain bird feeds. These meet 75% nutritional needs of the sultan parrot. Feeds can be mixed feeds prepared for sultans or you can also benefit from the feed that budgerigars eat. However, you should add unsalted kernels and cracked hazelnuts. Apart from the feed, you can give a parrot to your parrot. But try not to overdo it. Otherwise, you will cause the bird to become fat. You should give fresh vegetables and fruits for your vitamin needs. Vitamin supplements should be made for birds who do not eat them. In an element that you should not forget, you should definitely keep the bird sand in the cage. In this way, sultans can digest and grind what they eat. If you don’t give it, your sultan will have serious digestive problems. Bird sand can be added to each dish half a spoon or kept in a separate container. You can give the sultans with honey crackers and egg food. For calcium needs, you can put the cuttlefish bone in its cage.
Foods harmful to cockatiels
Excessive fatty, sugary and salty foods should not be given to waterers. Apart from this, they should not eat foods such as chocolate, alcoholic beverages, coffee, carbonated drinks, onions, dried fruits, apple seeds, mushrooms. Butter, margarine, potato chips, cake, ice cream, canned foods, cookies should not be given. It should also be kept away from toxic foods.