The owl is a big-headed and feathered bird that enters the night predators team, hunts at night. Birds that can live up to 60-70 years are 18-70 cm tall. There are 123 known species. Puhu is among the species of dwarf owl, tawny owl, and owl. They live in every region except Antarctica. The wings of the birds with short tails are long and wide. Some of them have a wingspan reaching a human height. The creature with its curved beaks, sharp claws, hooks, and fingers are rotating. It catches its prey with its strong paws. They have a structure suitable for walking and flying. It stands on its feet as a center of gravity when walking and standing. Meanwhile, the wings are attached to the body. It moves quite silently while hunting. You cannot hear wing sounds even while flying. It sleeps during the day or sunbathes on the trees. They do not hesitate to attack large animals. Daytime predators such as hawk and hawk are their biggest enemies.
What is the eyesight of owls?
The eyes are located not in front of the head, but the front. His big eyes are fixed without moving. To ensure vision, they can turn their neck at an angle of 270 degrees. The eyes are composed of 3 layers that have light-transmitting and refracting properties. The outer hard layer forms the transparent layer in the form of a bump. It is the hard layer that protects the eye. The vascular layer consists of vascular connective tissue. Makes the eyes a dark room. There is not much vision in the dark. They can catch their prey comfortably even in low light. The mesh layer in the eye is yellow and has a magnifying feature. In the structure of the rod sensory cells in your eyes, there is a substance that provides a purple light image. This substance converts even a small amount of light into a chemical signal, allowing the bird to see it. It is the only bird with the ability to see the blue color. Unlike other birds, the upper eyelid does not overlap the lower eyelid.
What is the hearing ability of owls?
The birds, whose eyesight and hearing are highly developed, have the feature of catching their prey with little light. In places where there is no light, it determines the location of the prey with the senses of hearing. His ears are very sensitive. It both acts as a hearing and provides balance. It has an important role in finding directions. There are membranes, ducts, ossicles, and fluids in the ear. It has a structure that can even hear a needle fall to the ground in a quiet environment at night. Owls with large head areas are far from each other and have large holes. Sounds pass from one ear to another in a very short time. The ears are also webbed. They close the curtains they open while resting while they fly.
What is the reproduction and feeding of owls?
Females are larger than males. They make 2-10 eggs in the breeding period. The number of days spent in incubation is between 30-40 days. The eyes and ears are closed when the pups first hatch. The offspring that stay in the nest for different periods reach puberty the next year. Their feeding takes place thanks to rodents and mice. Therefore, they contribute to ecological balance. In some countries, they are protected.