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Hummingbird

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Hummingbird is a member of the Kolibri family and is among the small bird species, it is a bird species that can hang in the air and beat wings very quickly. Thanks to its feature, the hummingbird can fly backward unlike other birds. The hummingbird, which can absorb the nectars of flowers with its fine beaks, does this by standing steadily thanks to its hanging in the air. The smallest hummingbird currently known in the world is the bee hummingbird found in the Caribbean Islands. The weight of this hummingbird is only 1.8 grams. The hummingbird is normally 3 grams in weight. Their length is also 11 centimeters. However, there are also giant hummingbirds. Their weight can exceed 20 grams.


Physical Properties of HummingbirdHummingbird is one of the birds with bright feathers and showy structure. Especially men attract more attention in terms of brightness. For this reason, many nature lovers have named this bird species, which they liken to fairies, in various ways. Brazilian ruby, sapphire hummingbird, ruby ​​hummingbird are some of them. The hummingbird has a thin and long beak. Thanks to this beak, a hummingbird can take nectar even from long flowers. There is whiteness towards the hummingbird’s chest and lower parts. Their heads and wings are decorated with their general colors. The common feature of all hummingbirds is that they have green colors on some of their bodies.


Hummingbird’s Flight FeatureHummingbird is a species with different flying characteristics compared to other birds. The biggest factor in this is undoubtedly very, very fast wing flaps. So much so that these wing flaps can only be observed with special video cameras. The hummingbird can hang in the air not only by flapping its wings quickly but also by balancing it against incoming wind and airflow. Also, thanks to its special abilities, the hummingbird can fly backward comfortably and move quickly to the vertical.

Nutrition and Metabolism of HummingbirdAs we said before, the hummingbird mostly feeds on flower nectars. However, in some cases, it was also observed that they ate insects. Another remarkable feature of the hummingbird is its metabolism. In the examinations, the energy needed by the hummingbird while flying, and the reactions of its body were measured. As a result of these studies, it was observed that the hummingbird’s heartbeat increased to 1260 per minute. The hummingbird reveals this because it moves fast. Hummingbirds normally consume more nutrients than their weight. However, when they cannot find nutrients, especially at night, they can slow down their metabolism and hibernate. During this sleep time, the heartbeats of these birds, whose bodies are almost numb, can fall between 50 and 180 minutes.

Hummingbird Habitat and ReproductionHummingbird is one of the species with limited habitat. They are found only in the American continent, in the southern part of Alaska, and from Canada to South America. It is possible to come across all species in this 1.2 million square meter area. Hummingbirds, especially found in tropical regions, are common birds of this continent. The hummingbird is a species of bird that reproduces with two eggs in certain periods in this area. These birds, which make their nests in the form of small nests on trees, can find the nests of those who have come back even if they migrate.


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